Geotourism is tourism based on geological features. Over time it has been variously described as being a type of tourism that is either ‘geological’ or geographical’ in orientation.
We're ready to rock your world with this type of tourism! So what exactly is geotourism? Let's dig in a little deeper on how we break down geotourism with geology, geography, and tourism.
Geology is the study of the Earth, the materials of which it is made, the structure of those materials, and the processes acting upon them. It includes the study of organisms that have inhabited our planet. An important part of geology is the study of how Earth's materials, structures, processes and organisms have changed over time.
Geography –from which ‘geotourism’ derives– is not just about where places are. It’s also about what places are. It’s about what makes one place different from the next. That includes not only flora and fauna, which is the realm of ecotourism, but also historic structures and archaeological sites, scenic landscapes, traditional architecture, and locally grown music, cuisine, crafts, dances, and other arts.
Geotourism & Benefits
Tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of a place – its environment, culture, aesthetics, heritage, and the well-being of its residents -Nat Geo
Geotourism is generally about visiting sites or areas of geological and geographical importance. There are many benefits of geotourism. Such benefits can be:
Learning a lot more about geology by visiting sites of geological importance than you can do in a classroom.
Creating opportunities for money into local causes and communities
Improving an area so that future generations can visit and enjoy
Teaches visitors about tourist responsibility, and also protects the heritage of an area
Faial’s Badlands, the Azores, Portugal
Aletsch Glacier, Valais, Switzerland
Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
El Teide, Tenerife
Mingsha Singing Sand Dunes, Dunhuang, China
The Matterhorn, Switzerland
Hunstanton Cliffs, Norfolk, UK
Meteor Crater in Arizona
Niagara Falls, New York
Siwalik Fossil Park, India